Thanks Frank Zappa and Pauline Butcher!

We would like to take a moment to thank Frank Zappa and Pauline Butcher (Zappa’s personal secretary from 1968-1972), for helping to raise awareness about Aleister Crowley in the lead-up to the 2012 election.

Frank  Zappa as Sheik Yerbouti

Frank Zappa as Sheik Yerbouti

In Butcher’s new book, Freak Out! My Life with Frank Zappa, she offers the stunning revelation that musician and outspoken libertarian Frank Zappa and his second wife Gail had a keen interest in Aleister Crowley.

“Gail [Zappa] put the scissors down and ran her hands through Frank [Zappa]’s hair, lifting and moulding it with her fingers. I blamed Aleister Crowley, whose book they’d recently acquired. Gail had started using words like occult and mysticism and alchemy. ‘The tension between male and female,’ Crowley claimed, ‘is fundamental to existence and sexual magic.’ He saw women’s role as subjugated to man, a role that Gail seemed happy to accept, and Frank wholeheartedly concurred.”

As interesting as this revelation is, it demonstrates that Aleister Crowley remains poorly understood, even among those who read his work. Frank and Gail Zappa may have found fulfillment of their individual wills in the way they related to each other, but Aleister Crowley did not see woman’s role as subjugated to man. Actually, we’re not convinced that Frank Zappa saw it that way either. It’s not like he could cut his own hair.

Of course it is fair to say that Crowley’s opinion of women was conflicted at best, and there are certainly many examples of sexist comments from Crowley in his personal writings, but his philosophy, the religious doctrine of Thelema, is adamant that women and men are equal.

“We of Thelema say that ‘Every man and every woman is a star.’ We do not fool and flatter women; we do not despise and abuse them. To us a woman is Herself, absolute, original, independent, free, self-justified, exactly as a man is.

“We dare not thwart Her Going, Goddess she! We arrogate no right upon Her will; we claim not to deflect Her development, to dispose of Her desires, or to determine Her destiny. She is Her own sole arbiter; we ask no more than to supply our strength to Her, whose natural weakness else were prey to the world’s pressure. Nay more, it were too zealous even to guard Her in Her Going; for She were best by Her own self-reliance to win Her own way forth!

“We do not want Her as a slave; we want Her free and royal, whether Her love fight death in our arms by night, or Her loyalty ride by day beside us in the Charge of the Battle of Life.”

The Law is for All

Butcher quotes Crowley as having said, “The tension between male and female is fundamental to existence and sexual magic.” We’re not sure where Crowley might have said that, but it’s certainly in line with his general thinking on the subject.  In fact, Aleister Crowley felt that we must each equilibrate the masculine and feminine within ourselves in a process of spiritual-sexual alchemy:

“[Those who understand the Riddle of Holiness] must have gone further yet, beyond the fundamental opposition of the sexes. The male must have completed himself and become androgyne; the female, and become gynander. This incompleteness imprisons the soul. To think ‘I am not woman, but man’ or vice versa, is to limit one’s self, to set a bar to one’s motion.”

Commentaries on the Holy Books and Other Papers, commentary on Liber LXV, v. 44.

Click here for more quotes from Aleister Crowley about women and their status within his religious philosophy of Thelema. Also you can learn more about Aleister Crowley’s sexual magick in our post on the Eucharist of Life.

In her memoir, Pauline Butcher also seems a bit confused about why Frank Zappa would be interested in the work of Aleister Crowley:

“If I could vaguely understand Gail’s interest in Crowley, I could not fathom Frank’s, a man who exuded rationality.”

Actually, Aleister Crowley was a great advocate of reason and rationality. As a trained chemist who attended Trinity College at Cambridge, Aleister Crowley was well-educated and not superstitious by any stretch of the imagination. In his commentary on The Book of the Law, he wrote:

“We must not suppose for an instant that The Book of the Law is opposed to reason. On the contrary, its own claim to authority rests upon reason, and nothing else. It disdains the arts of the orator. It makes reason the autocrat of the mind. But that very fact emphasizes that the mind should attend to its own business. It should not transgress its limits. It should be a perfect machine, an apparatus for representing the universe accurately and impartially to its master. The Self, its Will, and its Apprehension, should be utterly beyond it.”

At the same time, Crowley recognized that there are many aspects of existence which are beyond our current understanding, and perhaps even beyond our capacity to understand. As he wrote in The Book of Lies, “… that which can be thought is not true.”

Click here for more quotations from Aleister Crowley on the subjects of thought, reason, and the mind.

Frank Zappa also felt that some things are difficult to explain with the current scientific understanding of the world. Pauline Butcher quotes Zappa as saying, “I think that some of the things we experience as weird phenomenon [sic] will one day be explained in the future by physics when we have the tools to give rational explanations to stuff that today is just too scary.” This is something that Aleister Crowley also believed, and he postulated that one day, science would offer an understanding of religious experiences. Stay tuned for a post on this subject, when we explore Aleister Crowley’s attitude toward science and the role of science in his religious philosophy.

Check out our earlier posts where we have thanked other figures in pop culture for their recent mentions of Aleister Crowley, including Kanye WestJay-ZRussell BrandSteven Tyler, and Kevin Jonas.

UPDATE 1/29/2012: One of our readers has pointed out that Aleister Crowley is acknowledged in the 4-disc special edition of The Making Of Freak Out: An FZ Audio Documentary, which was posthumously released by the Zappa Family Trust. Aleister Crowley is listed between Lily Tomlin and Keith Richards.

About ac2012

We realize that Aleister Crowley is dead. And British. And, moreover, not running for office. Nevertheless, we believe that the most effective vote you can cast in 2012 is one for Aleister Crowley. “The absolute rule of the state shall be a function of the absolute liberty of each individual will.”
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20 Responses to Thanks Frank Zappa and Pauline Butcher!

  1. Jesus Love AC says:

    I don’t think Frank Zappa would have enjoyed an eating poop and drinking pee ritual like Aleister Crowley. Satan demands a lot from his followers. Frank was caught up in the music.

    • ac2012 says:

      Thelema does not require people to do anything that AC might have done. The whole point is to do those things which express your own nature, not AC’s.

      “All you have to do is be yourself, do your will, and rejoice.” —Aleister Crowley

  2. Possibly not a coincidence:

    Do what you wanna
    Do what you will
    Just don’t mess up
    Your neighbor’s thrill

    —FZ, “The Meek Shall Inherit Nothing,” You Are What You Is (1981)
    Not exactly how AC would have put it, but not too terribly far off either.

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  4. Pauline Butcher says:

    Thank you for mentioning my book on your page. I am not an expert on Crowley but do see that because he wrote so prolifically, his words can be interpreted in several ways. Take this excerpt from Wikipedia:
    Crowley stated that women, except “a few rare individuals,” care most about having children and will conspire against their husbands if they lack children to whom to devote themselves.[167] In Confessions, Crowley says he learned this from his first marriage.[168] He claimed that their intentions were to force a man to abandon his life’s work for their interests. He found women “tolerable”, he wrote, only when they served the sole role of helping a man in his life’s work. However, he said that they were incapable of actually understanding the nature of this work itself.[169] He also claimed that women did not have individuality and were solely guided by their habits or impulses.[170] In this respect Crowley displayed the attitude to women conventional for a male of his time.

    Nevertheless, when he sought what he called the supreme magical-mystical attainment, Crowley asked Leah Hirsig to direct his ordeals, marking the first time since the schism in the Golden Dawn that another person verifiably took charge of his initiation.[171] In the Hierophant section of The Book of Thoth, Crowley interprets a verse from The Book of the Law that speaks of “the woman girt with a sword; she represents the Scarlet Woman in the hierarchy of the new Aeon.(…)This woman represents Venus as she now is in this new aeon; no longer the mere vehicle of her male counterpart, but armed and militant.”

    In his Commentaries on The Book of the Law Crowley stated what he considered to be the correct Thelemic position towards women:

    We of Thelema say that “Every man and every woman is a star.” We do not fool and flatter women; we do not despise and abuse them. To us, a woman is herself, absolute, original, independent, free, self-justified, exactly as a man is.[172]

    I am sure that Frank Zappa took from Crowley’s writings what he wanted, as do most people. There are some similarities in their viewpoint from what I can see, but just as many disparities, too.

    Pauline Butcher

    • ac2012 says:

      Thanks for your great comment. Yes, Crowley was conflicted about women in his personal opinions and experiences. His philosophy and religion of Thelema, however, was and is very clear in proclaiming the absolute equality of women, as you point out.

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  7. Kato says:

    A philosopher professor and good friend of mine loves Zappa and actually got a chance to meet him before he passed. They spoke of life, death, and humor in music. He is a professor who has often had his art and work (and office) compared to a “Crowlian” form of thinking. And even more ironically is my prof.’s name means “Angel of Light” and last can be translated as “Without God.”

    Sometimes the stars align…….

  8. leviathan says:

    What about Frank Zappa’s childhood pal Don Van Vliet aka the great Captain Beefheart? It has been noted by Don’s guitarist Bill Harkleroad that Mick Jagger would sometimes ring up Beefheart find out what occult books he was reading. I have also read that Zappa and Beefheart had both shared a love of Black Magic when they were close pals. I bet Don Van Vliet was very familiar with Crowley and don’t forget that many people who knew the Captain said that he could materialise objects at will and also predict when his phone would ring without fail. Musician Genesis P. Orridge, a well known Crowleyite, is a huge fan of Captain Beefheart and i am sure it is because he sees a kindred spirit there.

  9. Mark Donahue says:

    Zappa, like Crowley, can be a tough one to easily categorize, and thus many only see one facet of the jewel.

    Their genius is, in my mind, unquestioned. Thanks for this. It’s good to reconcile the historical Crowley to the caricature.

    Good stuff!

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  12. przxqgl says:

    frank zappa was the greatest musician of the 20th century, and one of the 10 best musicians of all time.

    • ac2012 says:

      How appropriate! Aleister Crowley was the greatest philosopher of the 20th century, and one of the 8 best philosophers of all time!

    • MydniteSon says:

      I always refer to Frank Zappa as the most under-appreciated and under recognized musician of the 20th Century. Most people in the mainstream write him off as a “novelty” act. Those who actually took the time to listen recognize he was one of the most prolific and diverse musicians of his or any era.

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